Reading in September and October
Task 1 Daniel Defoe 3
Robinson Crusoe 4
Task 2 Robinson Crusoe (Continued) 5
Task 3 A Day at an English School 10
Task 4 The Terrible Miss Dove 12
Task 5 Leningrad 16
Task 6 Aesop’s Fables 19
Task 7 Timur Frunze 23
Inna Konstantinova, a Soviet Partisan 25
Task 8 The Armoured Cruiser Potemkin 27
Additional Reading 30
Reading in November and December
Task 9 The First Days of the Great October Socialist Revolution 32
Task 10 Jonathan Swift 35
Gulliver’s Travels 36
Task 11 Gulliver’s Travels (Continued) 39
Task 12 English-Speaking Countries 43
Task 18 Stamps 46
Task 14 The Sky 50
Task 15 New Year’s Eve, the 31st of December, in Britain 53
Additional Reading 56
Reading in January, February and March
Task 16 Rudyard Kipling 58
How the Whale Got His Throat 59
Task 17 How the Whale Got His Throat (Continued) 60
Task 18 Samuel Morse 62
Task 19 Notes from the Sea 66
Task 20 Mark Twain 69
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer 70
Task 21 The War Brothers 74
Task 22 Mother’s Day in Britain 78
My Mother 79
Task 23 Lewis Carroll 80
Task 24 Alice in Wonderland 83
Task 25 The Seven Sisters 88
The Hare and the Tortoise 90
Additional Reading 90
Reading in April and May
Task 26 Red Berries 94
Task 27 The Pioneers of Aviation 97
Task 28 Chief Constructor Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov 101
Task 29 Sports and Games in Britain and the USA 105
Task 30 William Shakespeare 107
Romeo and Juliet 108
Task 31 The Woodcraft Folk 112
Task 32 A Letter from a Vocational Secondary School 113
Task 33 Captain Scott’s Expedition to the South Pole 115
Additional Reading 119
Данная книга входит в учебный комплекс по английскому языку для 7 класса авторов А. П. Старкова и Р. Р. Диксона. Цель книги — совершенствование навыков чтения на английском языке.
READING IN SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER
I. Read the proper names from the text: Daniel Defoe ['daenjol do'fou], England [Tpglsnd], Robinson Crusoe I'robinsn 'kru:-sou], London [Тлпбэп], York [jo:k].
II. Read the title and say what the text is about:
DANIEL DEFOE (1660-1731)
One of the first novels in the history of literature was written in England in 1719. It was Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
Daniel Defoe was born in London in the family of a rich man. When Daniel was a schoolboy, he began to write stories. After he left school the young man worked in his father’s shop and wrote articles for newspapers. Defoe visited many countries and met many people. That helped him in his writings.
In 1719, when Defoe was sixty years old, he wrote the novel Robinson Crusoe which made him famous.Defoe used in his book a true story about a sailor who lived on an island for four years. Robinson Crusoe in Defoe’s novel lived on an island for twenty-eight years. People liked the novel in England and in many other countries. Daniel Defoe wrote
proper |'props] name — ерам, имя собственное
title I'taitl] — заглавие
novel I'no vsl] — роман
was written — был
написан was born — родился rich — богатый
famous f'feimos] — знаменитый true ftru:] — подлинный
sailor I'seilo] — моряк island I'ailsnd] — остров
other books but his novel Robinson Crusoe is the most famous. Defoe was not a rich man when he died in 1731.
Найдите в тексте ответы на следующие вопросы:
1. When and where did Daniel Defoe live?
2. When did he begin to write his stories?
3. Where did he work after he left school?
4. What did he write?
5. What novel made Defoe famous?
6. Have you read Robinson Crusoe in Russian?
ROBINSON CRUSOE Part I
Robinson Crusoe lived in the city of York. When he was a small boy, he wanted to go to sea. But he could do it only when he was eighteen. He had a friend whose father was captain of a ship. The captain took the two boys on his ship when it went to London. That was Robinson’s first voyage. After that Robinson Crusoe made three or four voyages over the sea. Now he was a sailor and liked his work very much.
One day when the ship was at sea, a great storm came on them. The ship broke and the people went into a small boat.
the most [moust] famous — самый известный to die — умирать
sea — море could [kud] — смог captain ['kaeptin] — капитан ship — корабль voyage ['voiidg] — плавание, морское путешествие storm — шторм to break [breik] (broke, broken) — разбивать(ся) boat [bout] — лодка
The high waves picked their boat up and threw it on large stones. All the people were drowned. Robinson could swim well, so he stayed in the water for a long time. The waves carried him to the shore.
When a high wave threw him on large stones, he held on to them for some time. Soon the wave was back in the sea and Robinson ran to the shore very quickly. When he reached the shore, he sat there for a long time.
Then he wanted to know where he was.
I. Найдите в первой части текста ответы на следующие вопросы:
1. Where did Robi'nson Crusoe live?
2. How old was Robinson when he went to sea for the first time?
3. Did he like to be a sailor?
4. Why did the ship break one day?
5. Where did the people go from the ship?
6. Where did the wave throw the boat?
7. Why could Robinson stay in the water for a long time?
8. Where did the waves carry him?
9. When did he run to the shore?
II. Подберите к картинкам (стр. 6) предложения из первой части текста.
Robinson Crusoe saw that he was on an island. It was not large. Robinson went along the shore; he wanted to see the people from the ship. But there were no people there. It was evening already and Robinson wanted to sleep. He was afraid to sleep in the open place, so he got on a tree and slept there.
wave — волна to throw [0rou] (threw, thrown) — бросать to be drowned
[draund] — утонуть shore [Jo:] — берег
to reach — достигать, добираться
to be afraid fa'f reid] — бояться
When he woke up, it was morning. The storm was over. The sea was low and Robinson saw their ship. One part of it was over the water. It was not very far from the shore. Robinson swam to the ship and got on it. He saw many good things there.
Robinson found some wood and some tools on the ship and began to make a raft. When the raft was ready, Robinson put it on the water. Then he took two large boxes and put into them things which he found on the ship. There were tools, guns, powder and many other things. He put the boxes on the raft, jumped on it and went to the shore. Now he had guns and powder and could get some food. With the tools he could make a house.
Robinson went to the ship every day and brought to the island all the things that he could find there. During one of his visits to the ship he found a dog there and two cats. He took them to the island too. Now he had good friends with him. He was on the island for ten days already when another storm came. After it was over Robinson could not see the ship. It broke to pieces.
Подберите к картинкам (стр. 8) предложения в соответствии с содержанием второй части текста:
Robinson began to make a raft.
Robinson swam to the ship and got on it. Robinson put the raft on the water.
The sea was low and Robinson saw their ship.
He found some wood and some tools on the ship.
Robinson jumped on the raft and went to the shore.
The raft was ready.
Robinson put the boxes on the raft.
to find [faind] (found [faund], found) — находить tool — инструмент raft [raft] — плот
gun — ружье powder ['paudo] — порох
food — пища
Some time, passed and Robinson began to build a house. He made it of thick trees and grass. Then he made a chair and a table. All this took a lot of time because he could work only when the sun shone. He had no light and went to bed when it was dark.
Early in the morning Robinson usually got up and went to the wood. He caught birds and picked berries, fruit and birds’ eggs. His dog helped him.
Some years passed. One day Robinson was at the seashore when he saw five boats near the island. He ran to some trees and stood behind them. The boats came up to the shore and many black men came out of them. They made a big fire on the shore and danced round it.
Suddenly they ran to one of the boats and took two men out of it. They brought the men to the fire and killed one of them. The second man ran into the water near the place where Robinson stood. Only two men went into the water after him. Robinson killed those two men with his gun. Then he called the man to come up to him. The man understood Robinson, came up to him and fell down at his feet. The black man was young and Robinson liked him. He took the young man to his house and gave him some food to eat and some clothes. After that the young man lived in Robinson’s house and helped him in his work. Robinson gave him the name of Friday because the man came to his house on that day. Friday learned to speak English very quickly. He helped Robinson to get food in the wood and did it very well. Robinson Crusoe was happy now that he had a friend.
tocatch (caught [ko:tJ, caught) — ловить bird — птица
suddenly ['sAdnh] — неожиданно
to kill — убивать
I. Найдите в третьей части текста предложения, описывающие главные события. Ключевые слова помогут вам:
began to build made it of picked
saw five boats came out
made a fire
called the man stayed to live
II. Если вы читали этот роман по-русски, расскажите, вернулся ли Робинзон Крузо на родину и кто помог ему. Что вы знаете о судьбе Пятницы?